Psychosynthesis is a therapeutic approach that has its roots in psychoanalysis and as such firmly believes in the importance of the unconscious aspects of the personality. However, psychosynthesis also incorporates the spiritual dimension and focuses on developing transpersonal qualities such as love, joy, and beauty.
According to psychosynthesis, the belief that individuals are consistent and indivisible is one of the biggest psychological illusions. There is a multiplicity of subpersonalities in each individual striving to express themselves. Conflicts between them can cause inner turmoil that often manifests itself as anxiety or depression. Therefore, recognising, accepting and integrating various subpersonalities is an important way to facilitate one’s growth and self-development.
Another key concepts in psychosynthesis is that of identification and disidentification. A person who is identified with a partial aspect of themselves, e.g. their social role or their intellect, is controlled and dominated by it. The goal of psychosynthesis is to achieve disidentification from all the transient and changeable contents of consciousness and to identify with the self, the unchangeable core of each person. Self-identification puts the core self in control of all the elements of personality in order to manage and direct them in the most efficient and harmonious way.
Finally, psychosynthesis places particular importance on the concept of will. It aims at facilitating the discovery and strengthening of the individual’s sense of agency and autonomy. When a person realises that they have the power to make conscious choices and change their life as a result, they feel more confident, hopeful and in control.